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19 Jun 2020

Armando Test Quiz

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Skin Disorders:

Results

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#1. Which of the following is NOT considered “true skin?”

Correct answer: D Explanation The dermis, AKA true skin, is made up of two layer: reticular and papillary layer. (Choice D) The epidermis sits above the dermis. It is made up of 5 layers: corneum, lucidum, granulosum, spinosum, germinativum. Learning point: True skin, AKA dermis, is made up of two layers: reticular and papillary. Updated: Dec. 2020

#2. Where is the subcutaneous layer found?

Correct answer: D
Explanation

The subcutaneous tissue, AKA hypodermis, AKA adipose tissue, sits under the dermis.

(Choice A) The epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin. There is no layer above it.

(Choice B) Below the epidermis sits the dermis.

(Choice C) Above the dermis you’ll find the epidermis.

Learning point:

In order from superficial to deep you have: epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous tissue, muscle, bone.

Updated: 2020

#3. Which of the following is an example of an exocrine gland?

Correct answer: A

Exocrine glands are ducts that secrete into the “ex”ternal environment. Two examples are sebaceous glands and sudoriferous glands, which secrete sebum and sweat respectively.

(Choice B & C) Ductless glands form part of the endocrine system. Since these glands do not have ducts, the products are secreted inside the body, directly into the bloodstream.


Learning point:

Sebaceous and sudoriferous glands are examples of exocrine glands. These glands have a duct leading to the surface of the skin and allows for excretion to the external environment.

Updated: Dec. 2020

#4. What is the medical term for ringworm?

Correct answer: A

Explanation

Tinea is commonly known as ringworm and is caused by a fungus. There are several types of ringworm and they are named by where they are found on the body: tinea pedis = feet, tinea corpis = body, tinea capitis = head, tinea cruris = groin. Clients with tinea should be referred to a doctor before being serviced, as tinea is extremely contagious.

(Choice B) Malassezia is the fungus that causes severe dandruff (pityriasis steatoides).

(Choice C) Pityriasis is the medical term for dandruff. There are two forms of dandruff you should be familiar with: pityriasis capitis simplex and pityriasis steatoides.

(Choice D) Pediculosis is an infestation of lice on the head.

Learning point:

Ringworm, AKA tinea, is a highly contagious infection of a fungus. They are named by where they are located: tinea pedis = feet, tinea corpis = body, tinea capitis = head, tinea cruris = groin.

Updated: Dec. 2020

#5. Which of the following prevents a client from receiving chemical services?

Correct answer: C

Explanation

Metallic haircolors, AKA progressive haircolors, are haircolors that gradually change the color of the hair over time. The metallic residues that they contain build up on the hair over time and can react poorly with chemical services.

(Choice A) A person with uncontrolled hypertension should not receive a scalp massage, but they are able to receive chemical services.

(Choice B)  The time in between chemical services is irrelevant.

Learning point:
A person who is suspected to have had hair colored with metallic tints should not receive chemical services to avoid damaging the hair.

Updated: Dec. 2020

 

#6. To tone down brassy or orange hair, what color should you use in the mix?

Correct answer: C

Explanation

To cancel out a color, use the complementary color – the color directly across on the color wheel. Brassy/ orange hair can be canceled out by blue because blue is its complementary color.

(Choice A & B) Yellow and violet sit directly across each other on the color wheel (complementary colors), therefore, they neutralize each other.

(Choice D) Green neutralizes red because red is the complementary color of green.

Learning point:

Complementary colors are directly opposite from each other on the color wheel and can be used to neutralize each other. They include blue and orange, red and green, yellow and violet.

Updated: Dec. 2020

#7. Lifting and depositing color simultaneous describes:

Correct answer A

Explanation

Permanent haircolors lighten and deposit color at the same time. It is the only type of haircoloring that lifts (lightens) the hair.

(Choice B) Demi-permanent haircolors are known as no-lift, deposit-only colors, but requires an oxidizing agent. Demi-permanent haircolors deposit but do not lighten.

(Choice C) Semi-permanet haircolors are a no-lift, deposit-only, and non-oxidation haircolor.

(Choice D) Temporary haircolors create a physical change, not a chemical change.  This is the only haircoloring service where no patch test is required.

Learning point:

Permanent haircoloring is the only type of haircoloring that lightens the hair. Lightening and depositing are done at the same time.

Updated: Dec. 2020

 

#8. Which of the following muscles acts to pull the scalp forward?

Correct answer: B

Explanation

The frontalis forms the anterior part of the epicranius (muscle covering the top part of the scalp), located over the frontal bone. It is responsible for raising the eyebrows and pulling the scalp forward.

(Choice A) The occipitalis forms the posterior part of the epicranius, located over the occipital bone. It is responsible for drawing the scalp backwards.

(Choice C) The orbicularis oculi is a muscle of the face that surrounds the eyes and acts to closes the eyelids.

(Choice D) The temporalis is the muscles covering the temporal bone of the scalp. It is one of the muscles of mastication.

Learning point:

The epicranius is a broad muscle that covers the scalp. It consists of two parts – the occipitalis and the frontalis.

Updated: Dec. 2020

#9. Which of the following combs is used with the scissor-over-comb technique?

Correct answer: C

Explanation

The barber comb has a narrow end, which allows the shears to get close to the scalp to create a close taper when performing the scissor-over-comb technique. The hair gradually increases in length as you go up the scalp while increasing the angle of the comb – this creates a gradient/ taper.

(Choice A) Wide-tooth combs are used for detangling hair.

(Choice B) Tail combs are used to section or subsection hair.

(Choice D) Cutting combs, AKA styling or all-purpose combs, are used for most haircutting procedures. They have fine teeth on one end and wider teeth on the other.

Learning point:

The scissor-over-comb technique uses a barber comb to get a close to the skin taper. By increasing the angle of the comb as you cut up the hairline, the hair gradually increases in length. Blending sheers are great for scissor-over-comb.

Updated: Dec. 2020

#10. Where is the skin thinnest?

Correct answer: A

Explanation

The skin on our eyelids and under our eyes is the thinnest skin on our body.

(Choice C & D) The soles of our feet and the palm of our hands have the thickest skin.

Learning point:

The thinnest skin on our body is found on the eyelids, while the thickest is found on our palms and soles.

Updated: Dec. 2020

 

#11. During a chemical service, what is the most appropriate way to protect the client’s clothing?

Correct answer: B

Explanation

For chemical procedures, to protect the client’s clothing, have them change into a gown.

Learning point:

When doing a chemical service, it is important to protect your client’s clothes by having them change into a gown or use a waterproof chemical cape. Always double drape with towels to absorb accidental spills.

Updated: Dec. 2020

#12. What is the difference between a treatment scalp massage and a relaxation scalp massage?

Correct answer: D

Explanation

Every type of massage employs the same techniques. The difference among each massage are the products used.

(Choice A) The duration of a massage can be set by the client or the cosmetologist. There is no distinct timeframe between types of massages.

(Choice B) Each cosmetologist can choose which technique to employ during a massage. There is no difference in technique among types of massages.

(Choice C) The amount of pressure is the same between types of massages.

Learning point:

The only difference among the types of massages are the products used.

Updated: Dec. 2020

#13. What are the two reference points at which the comb leaves the head?

Correct answer: D

Explanation

The two reference points at which the comb leaves the head are the parietal ridge and the occipital bone.

(Choice A) Although both the parietal ridge and apex are reference points, only at the parietal ridge does the comb leave the head.

(Choice B) The four corners describes the points on the head that signal a change in the shape of the head from flat to round.

(Choice C) Both the apex and occipital bone are reference points, but the only two points in which the comb leaves the head are the parietal ridge and occipital bone.

Learning point:

Reference points on the head mark where the surface of the head changes and are used to establish design lines. The parietal ridge and occipital bone are the two reference points where the comb leaves the head.

Updated: Dec. 2020

#14. Which of the following is NOT a massage technique?

Correct answer: C
Explanation

Gommage is a roll-off mask used in facials. The gommage is applied and set to dry before it is rolled off the skin.

(Choice A) Tapotement, AKA percussion, is a stroke of percussive tapping. This is the most stimulating massage technique.

(Choice B) Friction is a stroke with a lot of pressure to generate heat. It is a deep rubbing movement.

(Choice D) Vibration is a shaking or trembling movement.

Learning point:

The 5 basic massage strokes are: effleurage, petrissage, friction, tapotement, and vibration.

Updated: Dec. 2020

#15. Which layer of the skin can we see?

Correct answer: C

Explanation

The outermost layer of the skin is the horny layer, AKA the corneum. It is the layer we see and feel, and the layer we preform services on.

(Choice A) The dermis (true skin) is the layer under the epidermis.

(Choice B) The basal cell layer, AKA the stratum germinativum, is the deepest layer of the epidermis where new cells are made.

(Choice D) The granular layer contains keratin granules.

Learning point:

The skin is composed of the epidermis and the dermis. The epidermis is composed of 5 distinct layers, starting with the horny layer on the outside and ending with the basal cell layer.

Updated: Dec. 2020

#16. Which of the following is rod shaped?

Correct answer: A

Explanation

Rod-shaped bacteria are called bacilli. Bacilli bacteria cause disease such as tetanus, typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria. The “Ts” of bacilli: Tetanus, Typhoid fever, Tuberculosis, diphTheria.

(Choice B) Staphyloccocci are round bacteria in clusters/ bunches. They cause diseases such as abcesses.

(Choice C) Spirilla are spiral in shape and cause diseases such as syphilis and Lyme disease.

(Choice D) Streptococci are round-shaped bacteria in chains resembling strings of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat.

Learning point:

There are 5 groups of bacteria, categorized by shape, that cosmetologist should be familiar with: staphylococci, streptococci, diplococci, bacilli, and spirilla. Be familiar with these and the disease they cause as detailed above.

Updated: Dec. 2020

 

#17. Which of the following is NOT a bloodborne pathogen?

Correct answer: C

Explanation

Bloodborne pathogens are diseases that are spread by blood. Syphilis is spread sexually making it a sexually transmitted infection, and not a bloodborne pathogen

(Choice A & B) HIV and Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C are the most common bloodborne pathogens.

Learning point:

Bloodborne pathogens are diseases that are spread through the blood and certain bodily secretions. They include HIV and Hepatitis C & B.

Updated: Dec. 2020

#18. When filing nails, the nails should be:

Correct answer: A

Explanation

Nails should always be filed dry to prevent damaging the nail.

(Choice B & C) Filing nails that are damp may damage the nail. Nails should always be filed dry.

(Choice D) A base coat is only necessary for applying nail polish to a nail, not to file.

Learning point:

Nails should be filed dry from the edge to the center. If the nail is wet or damp, you may cause damage to the nail if you attempt to file it.

Updated: Dec. 2020

#19. Which of the following relaxers is considered a lye-based relaxer?

Correct answer: C

Explanation

Sodium hydroxide is considered a lye-base relaxer. For state boards, sodium hydroxide will always be the answer when asked to identify a lye-based relaxer.

(Choice A & B) Thio and guanidine relaxers are usually classified as no-lye relaxers.

(Choice D) Lithium hydroxide is also marketed as a no-lye relaxer, however, if given the choice, Thio and Guanidine are the classic no-lye relaxers.

Learning point:

Thio and guanidine are considered no-lye relaxers, while sodium hydroxide relaxers are classified as lye-based relaxers.

Updated: Dec. 2020

#20. A client comes in requesting a medicated shampoo service for his dry scalp. While performing the scalp examination you notice a small sore towards the bottom of the hairline along the nape. Which of the following is most appropriate?

Correct answer: C

Explanation

Cosmetologist cannot perform a service on open areas of the skin, such as a sore. The most appropriate course of action would be to refer the client to a medical provider for clearance before receiving any sort of service to the area.

(Choice A) Regardless of what your manager says, it is beyond a cosmetologists scope of practice to perform a service on any person with a suspicious lesion without medical clearance.

(Choice B) Trying to avoid the area puts you at a risk of liability and should be avoided completely. Cosmetologist are not licensed to diagnose or treat diseases.

(Choice D) Without written clearance from a doctor, service should not be done on a client with a skin lesion, contagious or not.

Learning point:
Clients who have obvious skin abnormalities, fever, or other abnormal-looking signs should be referred to and cleared by a physician before performing any service to the affected area.

Updated: Dec. 2020

#21. What is the name for the portion of nail extending beyond the tip of the finger?

Correct answer: B

Explanation

The free edge of the nail is the part of the nail plate that extends over the tip of the finger or toe.

(Choice A) The eponychium is the living skin at the base of the nail that covers the matrix area.

(Choice C) The nail plate is the hard shell that sits over the nail bed. It is the surface we apply a nail polish to.

(Choice D) The nail fold is skin surrounding the nail plate.

Learning point:

An important structure of the anatomy of the nail is the free edge. This is the portion of the nail that extends beyond the tip of the finger or toe.

Updated: Dec. 2020

 

#22. When applying makeup to a client with a wide nose, a darker shade should be applied:

Correct answer: B

Explanation

To make the nose appear smaller, a darker shade should be applied to each side of the nose. This technique is called contour, and is used to create shadows over prominent features to make them less noticeable.

(Choice A) A highlight will emphasize the nose; the goal should be to minimize it. This is achieved by using a darker shade to create contour.

(Choice C)  A shadow at the tip of the chin will minimize a protruding chin, while a highlight at the bridge of the nose helps bring out a receding nose.

(Choice D) A darker foundation over the fullest area of the jaw will minimize the lower part of the face, not the nose.

Learning point:
Using highlighting and contouring techniques helps define facial features. Light to an area highlights it, while shadow minimizes it.

Updated: Dec. 2020

#23. Which of the following most closely defines dermatitis?

Correct answer: A

Explanation

Dermatitis is a broad term used to describe inflammation of the skin. It is non-specific and does not indicate a specific disorder.

(Choice B) Seborrheic dermatitis is inflammation of the sebaceous glands characterized by redness, scaling, crusting, and/ or itchiness.

(Choice C) Contact dermatitis is the most common work-related skin disorder for cosmetologist and occurs due to contact with certain chemicals/ substances.

(Choice D) Allergic contact dermatitis is a form of contact dermatitis caused by an allergy to an ingredient or chemical, usually from repeated exposure to the substance.

Learning point:

Dermatitis is a general term used to describe inflammation of the skin. Specific types of dermatitis are named accordingly.

Updated: Dec. 2020

#24. The word “tone” in haircoloring refers to:

Correct answer: A

Explanation

Tone, AKA hue, refers to the overall color “feel” to the hair and can be described as warm, cool, or neutral. Out of the choices, predominant color best describes “tone.”

(Choice B) Intensity describes the strength of a color. It is described as soft, medium, or strong.

(Choice C) The level of a haircolor refers to the lightness or darkness of the hair and is identified by a number from 1 to 10.

Learning point:

The tone of a haircolor describes the overall color balance of the hair and is characterized by warm, cool, or neutral.

Updated: Dec. 2020

#25. When applying bleach to virgin hair, you should:

Correct answer: D

Powdered lighteners cannot be used directly on the scalp. They should be applied ½ inch away from the scalp and worked to the porous ends. Application to the scalp and porous ends is done once desired level of lift is reached.

(Choice A & C) There are some lighteners that can be applied to the scalp. Unless the question states the lightener is an on-the-scalp lightener, assume it’s an off-the-scalp lightener.

(Choice B) The porous ends process more quickly than the mid-strands, therefore, application to the porous ends (and scalp) should be done towards the end of the procedure.

Learning point:
When applying lightener, since the scalp and porous ends process quickly, they should be done at the end. This ensures even porosity and color.

Updated: Dec. 2020

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